Guided Tours or Enclave Tourism?
Tourism in Cuba was very limited before the fall of the Soviet Union. Considered a necessary evil, it was officially adopted as a strategy to boost the economy during the Special Period of the 1990s.
As expected, many of the materials below (created between the 1980s to present) include guided tours, such as planned excursions through Cuba’s most beautiful beaches including the popular Varadero Beach as well as lesser known spots like Maria La Gorda and Rancho Luna. There’s also the all-inclusive beach resorts that are typical to the popular imagination of a Caribbean getaway.
According to some accounts, these enclave resorts and tour programs were created intentionally “to ensure the isolation of international tourism from the state-isolated Cuban society” (Espino).